According to Reid and Barrington, ‘Training is a planned process to modify in, skill, behavior or attitude through learning experience, to achieve effective performance in an activity or a range of activities. Its purpose in the work situation is to develop the abilities of the individual and to satisfy the current and future needs of the organization’. The main purpose of training is to link the gap between the desired and the actual knowledge, skill and behavioral required to carry out a job. Training offers a way of developing skills, enhancing productivity and quality of work.
Training is a learning process that implies the gaining of new knowledge, improving of skills, understanding concept, rules or changing of attitudes and behavior to improve the performance of the people. In order to improve quality, reduce accidents, absenteeism and HR turn over organizations need to implement fair training programmes. The central point of training is people in the non-managerial category. It imparts skills, attitude and knowledge for direct application to a task or job. Training effectiveness is essentially a measure that examines the degree to which training improved the employee’s knowledge, skill, and behavioral pattern within the organization as a result of the training.
IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING:
Training is essential not only to increase productivity but also to motivate and inspire workers by letting them know how important their jobs are and giving them all the information, they need to perform those jobs.
The significance of training:
- Optimum utilization of human resources
- Enhancing productivity
- Healthy work environment
- Better quality of work
- Reduced supervision
- Personal growth
Training helps people in enriching the skills of people, thereby enabling them to use their full potential for achieving organizational goals as well as their individual goals.
Training helps people learn about best ways of doing work. This improves their productivity, quality and reduces wastages and accidents.
Training gives people the expertise to perform well in their jobs. This reduces job stress and helps people do their work with a cool and relaxed mind contributing to the creation of a sound work environment.
Through Training, people acquaints with best methods of doing their work. This enhances the quality of their output. Training acts as the input for their best performance.
Training reduce the work load and strain of supervision by making experts and self-sufficient in their jobs.
Training builds people by enriching their skills and knowledge and helps them grow in their career.
TYPES OF TRAINING
Training is usually conducted for different purposes. Type of training are detailed below:
- Introduction Training / orientation training
- Job training
- Safety training
- Refresher training
- Remedial training
Introduction or orientation training is adopted for new recruits to make them productive as early as possible. The length of induction training will vary from job to job and will depend on the complexity of the job, the size of the business and the level or position of the job within the business. The major areas of induction training are; briefing about the duties of the job, meeting new colleagues, understanding the values and aims of the business, learning about the organizational structure and policies of the business etc.
This training is intended to enrich job related skills and knowledge of the workforce. It helps employees improve their performance by imparting new skills.
The major purpose of this is to familiarize employees with health and safety standards and measures to avoid accident and physical injuries.
Refresher training occurs when employees need an up gradation in their existing know-how how to use a new technology, methods and procedures. This training aims to maintain the knowledge and skill of employees up to date and strengthens it.
This Training is meant for reviewing and correcting previously taught information or procedures. It is adopted when the trainees job performance is evaluated as less than acceptable after having been provided with sufficient training. It tries to overcome deficiency in the performance of the workforce.
BENEFITS OF TRAINING
Training offers many benefits both to the organization and employees
- Better productivity
- Greater profits
- Quality products and services
- Satisfied customers
- Healthy work environment
- Low wastages
- Low cost of production
- Good reward
- Recognition and job satisfaction
- Better career development opportunities
- Enrichment of skills and knowledge
Benefits to the organization
Benefits to employees